(iii) Where the damage was caused by the armed forces of the United States or Australia and it is not possible to attribute responsibility for the damage to one or both of those armed forces, the amount awarded shall be divided equally between the United States and Australia. The Committee on Food and Fisheries has adopted measures to establish a system for the recognition of human and human rights in the context of the implementation of the Human rights and Human Rights Act. WISHING, however, to define the status of these personnel during their instability in Australia, a SOFA aims to clarify the conditions under which the foreign army can operate. As a rule, purely military and operational matters, such as the location of bases and access to facilities, are covered by separate agreements. A SOFA focuses more on legal issues related to military persons and property. This may include issues such as entry and exit into the country, tax obligations, postal services or the conditions of employment of nationals of the host country, but the most controversial issues are civil and criminal justice on bases and personnel. For civil cases, SOFAs provide for how civilian damages caused by the armed forces are identified and paid. Criminal issues vary, but the typical provision in U.S. SOFA is that U.S. courts have jurisdiction over crimes committed either by a soldier against another soldier or by a soldier as part of his or her military duty, but the host country retains jurisdiction over other crimes.
 In recent years, Japan and Australia have encouraged defense cooperation through joint land, sea and air force exercises and cooperation in vigilance and surveillance activities to prevent the transfer of goods prohibited by North Korea from one ship to another. The Act governs the legal status of foreign forces during their overseas mission in Australia. The Act allows military authorities to visit foreign armed forces, to apply their military law to their personnel while they were in Australia, and provides, in certain circumstances, for a corresponding suspension of Australian jurisdiction over such personnel. The law that applies to foreign countries through defence regulations (the main regulations) is the national implementation mechanism for force protection agreements (SOFAs) between Australia and different countries. An agreement on visiting forces is similar to an agreement on the status of troops, except that the former only temporarily cover troops that are not stationed there. Ships and aircraft of the United States Armed Forces are considered aircraft of the Military Air Transport Service and the Military Sea Transport Service. The Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA) allows the importation of road vehicles by visiting military personnel who are members of a “Visiting Force” subject to a SOFA. This agreement authorizes the importation of a road vehicle without a vehicle import authorization (VIA). (b) The arbitrator referred to in point (a) of this paragraph shall be chosen by mutual agreement between the two Governments from among the nationals of Australia who hold or have held a senior judicial office.
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