At the end of the documents (see.B. BRI-MoU China-Victoria or BRI-MoU China-Latvia), both parties agree that the document is not legally binding. But even if it is not legally binding, according to Chris Devonshire-Ellis, “some elements within the MoU could be interpreted by both sides, and in particular by the Chinese. Such interpretations may indeed influence The way China takes into account statements made in the Council of State and call them important in future diplomatic discussions. In short, the purpose of this non-binding intent is to exert influence rather than directly. “The MOU seems largely benign; But it contains the seed of what could be used as a diplomatic tool in the future to insist that agreements have been reached in certain areas. (Chris Devonshire-Ellis) Seven years after his first proposals, the Belt and Road Initiative has become an international public good, popular around the world and the largest platform for cooperation,” Wang said. “The MOU seems largely benign; But it contains the seed of what could be used as a diplomatic tool in the future to insist that agreements have been reached in certain areas. (Chris Devonshire-Ellis) DW, 2019, www.dw.com/en/the-possible-impact-of-chinas-belt-and-road-agreement-with-italy/a-47921042, The potential impact of china`s Belt and Road agreement with Italy Second, there is no EU accession process. At best, it can be compared to a trade agreement, but for the reasons given, it is still not a trade agreement. From 2025, the Brenner Base Tunnel will also link the Upper Adriatic to southern Germany. The port of Trieste, with Gioia Tauro, the only deep-water port in the central Mediterranean for seventh-generation container ships, is therefore a special destination for Chinese investment.
In March 2019, the China Communications Construction Company (CCCC) signed an agreement to promote the ports of Trieste and Genoa. As a result, the port`s annual transload capacity will increase from 10,000 to 25,000 trains in Trieste (Trihub project) and a reciprocal platform for promoting and managing trade between Europe and China will be created. It is also logistical assistance between the port of North Amria and Shanghai or Guangdong. These include a Hungarian public investment of 60 to 100 million euros for a 32-hectare logistics centre and a European Union financing of 45 million euros in 2020 for the development of the rail system in the port city. In addition, Hamburg port logistics group HHLA invested in September 2020 in the logistics platform of the port of Trieste (PLT).  The United States shared other countries` concerns about China`s intentions.